Jones of Tonypandy, Trealaw & Penygraig Family History

These pages are devoted to Jill's Maternal line. My maternal grandparents David Jones and Catherine Raymond of Penygraig, Rhondda, Glamorgan and their family.

The four ancestral lines - the Jones, Davies, Raymonds and Lloyds all lived in in the lower part of the parish of Ystradyfodwg, Glamorgan. The parish consisted of two valleys of outstanding beauty which was mostly cut off from the outside world. It was to become by 1861 the industrialised area known as the Rhondda Valleys, and by 1871 was teeming with people.

Additional surnames include Bevan, Thomas, David and Curtis.

Ancestors and Descendants of David Jones and Catherine Mary Raymond

My Grandfather David JONES belonged to a family who had been settled in the parish of Ystradyfodwg prior to industrialisation. The large and ancient parish of Ystradyfodwg was soon to become known throughout the world as 'The Rhondda' as its coal output  'Black Gold' was transported around the world.

The Ystradyfodwg early families were known to the incomers to the valleys as 'Glorans' because of their Welsh hunting cry, 'Ymswynwch rhag Gwyr y Gloran' ('Beware of the Men of the Gloran').

'The Glorans were mainly yeomen or small tenant farmers. Often their farms were small, so that even though their social standing was respectable enough, their economic condition was poor. Their chief sport, apart from fishing, was hunting, and Rhondda hillmen were born huntsmen. Animals abounded in the neighbourhood. The fox was common, and the squirrel and weasel could be seen daily.  Woodcocks and buzzards were plentiful.'

Source: E.D.Lewis 'The Rhondda Valleys'.

Research has shown that many of the Gloran families  were related to each other as is found in other small farming communities. This had probably taken place for centuries, with new blood being introduced from new brides or bridegrooms from the Neath Valley, Cardigan or Carmarthenshire.

The Glorans had a character and physique which marked them off almost as a distinct race. They had a dress, manner and dialect of their own, and were mostly of a different stock from the surrounding peasantry. These Gwŷr y Gloran never readily mixed with the newcomers to the valleys.  By the end of the 19th Century, broadly, the population of the Rhondda Valleys was made up of two groups: in the one were the pastoralists of the Gloran whose numbers were small and steadily decreasing; in the other, were the ever-increasing immigrants come to man the mining townships and villages.

Source: Adapted from E.D.Lewis 'The Rhondda Valleys'.

On 27th February 1907, at Soar Chapel, Penygraig, David married Catherine Mary Raymond, the daughter of Benjamin Raymond and his wife Gwenllian Lloyd.

My Great Grandfather William JONES had been a mason and contractor builder and had found work in the parish building the new villages to house in immigrant workers. William had been born in Cilybebyll, Neath and came into the valley around 1860. William had married Friswyth Elizabeth Davies, daughter of Thomas Davies of the Dunraven Inn, Tonypandy.

Davies Family

Jill's Great Grandmother Friswyth Davies

Raymond Family

  • Catherine Mary Raymond was Jill's Maternal Grandmother.

Catherine Mary RAYMOND was one of the nine children born to Benjamin RAYMOND and his wife Gwenllian Lloyd.

My great Grandfather, Benjamin Raymond had come from St David's, Pembrokeshire with his two brothers to work in the valleys of Glamorgan and Cardiff. They were carpenters and builders and all ran successful businesses. Benjamin settled in Penygraig as a Master Cabinet maker and married Gwenllian Lloyd in 1876.

The Raymond family had been living at St David's, Pembrokeshire and area for several hundred years. There they had been ships' carpenters and sailors. James Raymond (Jill's great great grandfather) was married in 1834 at St. Nicholas Church, Pembrokeshire. to Ann OWEN, of that parish.

The Lloyd Family

Jill's 4 x great grandfather, David LLOYD  from Llansamlet near Swansea, had come as a 'sinker' to work with Walter Coffin in his new venture of coal mining, at Dinas, Llantrisant. David was one of a group of workers that Coffin had brought to the area. The men settled and then returned home later to Llansamlet to collect their families and move permanently to Dinas, Llantrisant.